Butler Family Coat of Arms

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A version of the coat of arms was embroidered by my grandmother, Gwenyth Butler (1911-2001), and is reproduced above (on left). The original currently resides with Marilyn and Bruce Butler. She modeled it on a design she found in The Butler Family Records (on right; Seaver; see note on authenticity and Seaver). The process of creating the embroidery was written about in a Fargo newspaper column ("Chaff and Chattter") by Ruth Fairbanks, circa 1945:

THEY MAY NOT have a family crest on their silver, but the Edward Butlers of 901 Fifth av S [Fargo, ND] have the Butler coat of arms in an embroidered wall hanging made by of Mrs. Butler. The design came from a book on the family's history and was enlarged by an artist friend and transferred to tailor's canvas for embroidering. A color chart helped Mrs. Butler choose the proper colors of thread. Among the symbols on the shield are bottles, since the first Butlers were bottlers to the king thus deriving their name; a cross for the crusades with a mark for ech time a member of the family went on a crusade; a gold portion for participation in the Battle of the Field of the Cloth of Gold, and a lion, for affiliation with Richard the Lion-hearted. Also on the crest is the family motto, Comme je trouve, meaning As I Find It. Flanking the main part of the shield are a falcon and griffin, traditional heraldic characters. The hanging measures 24 by 36 inches and took Mrs. Butler two years spare time to complete.

Our branch of the Butler family tree came to the U.S. with Nicholas Butler, circa 1636 (see Banks note)—leaving Ashford, Kent, England and settling in Egartown, Massachusetts. More genealogical data on the descendents of Nicholas Butler are available in our family tree.

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As the newspaper article explains, this coat of arms is comprised of several components. The central and most important element is the shield (see enlarged detail above, center). Above it is a coronet and beside it are the "supporters": "Out of a golden ducal coronet a plume of five silver ostrich feathers from which rises a silver falcon. Left, a silver falcon with golden beak and claws; right, a silver griffin, with beak, rays, collar and chain of gold" (Seaver). The specific heraldic language for this is:

Out of a ducal coronet or, a plume of.five ostrich feathers, there from issuant a falcon, rising all argent. Dexter, a falcon, wings expanded argent, beaked and membered or; sinister, a male griffin argent, beaked, rayed, collared and chained gold or.

Of all the shield and supporters, the element which characterizes specifically the Butler family is the shield; the rest are (symbolic) adornment.

The coat of arms in the middle was created by me using Blazon, now-defunct emblazoning software. Over the years, I've found a few other renderings of the coat of arms:

Bookplate from Old Book IllustrationsKilkenny College
Sources (from left): Old Book Illustrations, Wikipedia (unofficially modelled on Kilkenny College's crest).

Coat of Arms Shield
Source: Our Butler Lineage.


Butler-a-boo!

The phrase "Butler-a-boo!" has long been associated with the Butler coat of arms--according to William Newton's A Display of Heraldry (pub. 1846). As Newton explains, the motto of the Fitzgerald family is "'Crom-a-boo!'--the ancient Irish war cry of the clan Fitzgerald;--Crom being the name of their castle, the cry may be translated 'Crom for ever!'" And thus perhaps "Butler-a-boo" is "Butler for ever!"

Brian Tansey writes to say:

There is an Irish word, Abú, which means "forever, long life," etc. Éire abú means "Ireland Forever"!!! (A kind of victory toast if you like.) Butler Abú means "Butler Forever"!!!

A more authoritative translation is offered by Doug McKercher, who teaches Gaelic at the University of Ottawa:

The simple explanation of the phrase "Butler a boo!" is that it is the Irish (Gaelic) term a buadh, meaning "to victory!" Buadh, pronounced 'boo-a', is the Irish word for victory (it was a warcry, not a toast to the health of the clan).

'Butler' is a Norman French word meaning 'bottler', the butler being the member of the royal household responsible for the bottles in the wine cellar. Like the Stewarts in Scotland and the ShMgun in Japan, they rose to a position of great power in the court.

Mex Butler (from Australia), however, suggests an alternate translation:

'Butler a bu' I translate as 'Butler has drunk'. I believe that the Duke of Ormond was first butler to the King in Ireland, or something of this sort. Perhaps in a ceremonial way, he would taste the king's wine first, to ascertain its quality and that it wasn't poisoned. If this is so, then 'the butler has drunk!' would be a sign that all is clear and everyone can relax. Assuming that he didn't fall down dead of course. I can also imagine that there might have been a few jokes about it all, then as now - 'Butler is drunk' being not so far different.

Comme je trouve.

"Comme je trouve," a second phrase associated with the Butler coat of arms, translates from the French as "As I find." Perhaps the ancient Butlers were seekers (of truth?).

The Irish Family Mottos Web page suggests that this may be understood as "I take things as I find them." Mex Butler comments:

'Comme je trouve' I think means 'I take things as I find them'. I love this idea - that somehow we aspire to being realists, that we don't have to make things different to enjoy ourselves and find life good.

Kilkenny College, which was founded by the Butler family in 1538, uses "Comme je trouve" as its motto. They interpret it to mean "I take and make life as I find it" (Kilkenny).


The Coat of Arms

Emblazoning the Coat of Arms

"Emblazoning is the technical term for translating the heraldic description, or 'blazon,' into graphic terms and depicting the coat of arms in some way," explains Pete Barrett (in Blazon, an emblazoning computer program). A blazon is described in very precise terms--using the syntax and vocabulary peculiar to heraldry (which is the practice of creating insignia and tracing genealogies). The Butler blazon is:

Quarterly

1st Or, a Chief Indented Azure
2nd Gules, three Cups Covered Or
3rd Vert, on a Chief Gules, two Annulets Vert, a Swan Vert, a Lion Rampant Gules, Langued Azure
4th Ermine, a Saltire Gules

Each line describes one of the four quarters of the shield--beginning on the upper left side and moving right, then jumping to the bottom left and moving right again. One of the most confusing things about the blazon is that the colors ("tinctures") come after the objects ("charges") they describe and they all have their own heraldic names. In our blazon you'll find: Or (gold, usually represented by yellow), Gules (red), Azure (blue), Vert (green), and Ermine (stylized black ermine tails on white fur).

Decoding the four quarters, then, we find:

1st A gold background with blue on top, separated by a serrated ("indented") line
2nd A red background with three gold cups
3rd A green background with red above; on the top are two green rings ("annulets") and a green swan; on the bottom is a red lion, rising up ("rampant"), with a blue ("langued") tongue
4th An ermine background, with a red cross--more accurately, a "saltire" ("an instrument used as a scaling ladder to assist soldiers in mounting the dwarf walls")


The Semiotics of Emblazoning

All of the tinctures and charges have special meanings, many of which are lost in antiquity. Some of the interpretations that I have been able to track down are:

The 3 Gold Cups: "The device of this coat armour of official origin has descended to various branches of the family of Butler, spread over England, Scotland, and Ireland, but somewhat varied as to the colours and the position of the cups.... Theobald, a descendent of this family, attended King Henry II. in Ireland, and having performed good services there, received large possessions, with the honour of being hereditary chief butler to the king and his successors, and to present the first cup of wine at their coronations, from which circumstance the device, three covered cups, was assumed." (Newton, p. 247)

The Indented Blue on Gold: "Or [gold], a chief dancette asure [blue], appertains to the ancient and noble family of Butler, formerly dukes and earls of Ormond.... [It] implies, that the bearer has suffered in his religious conflicts with such exemplary patience and pious resignation, as may be assimilated to the silent earth, which permits its bosom to be torn by the pointed plough-share." (Newton, pp. 46-47)

The Lion Rampant: "The lion must be ranked first among beasts, as the most noble and heroic; an emblem of strength, courage, and generosity; and of all positions, Rampant, that is, standing erect upon his hind feet, ready for combat, is admitted to be the most estimable." Moreover, the direction in which the lion faces is quite important: "An animal, in armory, should never appear turned toward the sinister [right], for such a position would imply cowardice, as representing the bearer running away from his [or her] opponent." (Newton, pp. 80-81)

Ermine: "...a white fur with black spots; it is the skin of a small animal, less than a squirrel, found in the woods of Armenia, from whence the name is derived. The animal is entirely white, excepting its tail, which, being dark, is represented in heraldry by black spots, under the presumption of many skins being attached together, and covering the face of a shield. The Egyptians considered this little beast as an emblem of chastity." (Newton, 25)

For more on heraldory, see "Classical Heraldry."


Armorial insignia of the Lumber Troop

A Note on Authenticity and J. Montgomery Seaver

Seaver wrote numerous family histories, but there are doubts as to their authenticity. In fact, sometime in the 1930s, Horace J. Donnelly, solicitor of the Post Office Department at Washington, charged Seaver with plotting "a scheme for obtaining money through the mails by means of false and fraudulent promises."

According to the Chase family Website,

The method of obtaining subscribers for the genealogical books was to obtain through telephone directories or other means, a list of persons having ordinary names and to write these persons urging them to buy a book for $10 showing their descent from royalty or nobility.

Exploits of bearers of the name were described in the letter, Mr. Donnelly said, and there was a similarity in the achievements of the ancestors, no matter what name was given them. The solicitor declared that a "Battle Hymn of the ______ Family" was included with each book, the name of the individual solicited being printed in the blank space.


References:
  1. Charles E. Banks, "Sketches of the Early Settlers: Nicholas Butler," The History of Martha's Vineyard: Volume II Annals of Edgartown, history.vineyard.net/nickbutler.htm (local copy).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Butler dynasty," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Butler_dynasty&oldid=597883687 (accessed March 16, 2014).
  3. University of Delaware, bookplate collection on Shared Shelf Commons, http://www.sscommons.org/openlibrary/welcome.html#3|search|6|All20Collections3A20ormonde|Filtered20Search|||type3D3626kw3Dormonde26geoIds3D26clsIds3D26collTypes3D26id3Dall26bDate3D26eDate3D26dExact3D26prGeoId3D
  4. "Classical Heraldry," Baronage Press and Pegasus Associates, 1999. www.baronage.co.uk/1999/herart01.html .
  5. "Genealogy Tracer Accused of Fraud," Chase Family Website, webnests.com/Chase/chronicles/genealogyfraud.htm .
  6. Irish Family Mottos, www.winshop.com.au/merv/mottos.htm.
  7. Kilkenny College Prospectus, www.kilkennycollege.ie/prospectus/prospectusloc.htm.
  8. William Newton, A Display of Heraldry (London: William Pickering, 1846).
  9. J. Montgomery Seaver, Butler Family Records (American Historial-Genealogical Society, 2000 North Broad Street, Philadelphia). Reproduced on the Freer Genealogy Research Website.

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Last revised: 13 March 2016 18:48:36